Preliminary Study on the Estimation of Horizontal Dilution Potential of Air Pollutants over Some Cities in Nigeria Using Wind Data

B. C. Isikwue *

Department of Physics, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

O. Tsutsu

Department of Physics, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

E. U. Utah

Department of Physics, University of Uyo, Nigeria

F. N. Okeke

Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Preliminary studies of the estimates of the horizontal dilution potential of air pollutants over some cities in Nigeria have been carried out using wind impact area diagrams, obtained by using standard deviation to calculate angles of spread of the pollutants, whose concentrations were thus determined downwind. The results showed that Port Harcourt and Minna have varying wind direction persistence (P), (P < 1.0) for all the months, thereby causing varying wind directions. This indicates unsteady pattern of winds observed in these areas. For Port Harcourt, lowest and highest values of dilution potentials, (M) (11.14m2 and 41.21m2) were observed in April and May respectively. For Minna, lowest and highest values of M (2.10m2 and 65.88m2) were also observed in April and May respectively. On the other hand, Makurdi had P equal to 1 through all the months, showing that Makurdi had more steady winds compared to the other two stations and the predominant wind direction during the period of Oct. 2008 – Feb. 2009 was south – East oriented. Lowest and largest values of M, (1.48m2 and 11.37m2) were obtained for February and December respectively. Low values of M indicate lower dilution potential which means high concentration of inert pollutants and larger values of M indicate high nature of wind speed with a larger impact area. This study shows how horizontal dilution potential can be used for comparison of wind data in time and space. It also portrays that wind impact area diagram gives a better representation of winds along with zone of high pollutant concentration as compared to wind rose. The information obtained from this study suggests periodic air quality monitoring in these towns.

Keywords: Ground level concentration, horizontal pollution potential, impact area, standard deviation, wind speed and direction


How to Cite

Isikwue, B. C., Tsutsu, O., Utah, E. U., & Okeke, F. N. (2011). Preliminary Study on the Estimation of Horizontal Dilution Potential of Air Pollutants over Some Cities in Nigeria Using Wind Data. Physical Science International Journal, 1(3), 61–73. Retrieved from https://journalpsij.com/index.php/PSIJ/article/view/232

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