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Aim of this work is to calibrate the high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy source 60Co. The radioactive source calibration is a very important part of the quality assurance program for dosimetry of brachytherapy source. The goal of this project is the calibration of HDR Brachytherapy source in radiation therapy is the measurement of the air kerma rate which required actual dose to deliver. The source calibration is an essential part of the quality assurance program for dosimetry of brachytherapy source. This research will help the patient who is involving brachytherapy treatment. HDR brachytherapy source 60Co is inserted directly or in close to the tumor. Most commonly using method for calibration of HDR brachytherapy source 60CO is well type ionization chamber. Calibration of the radioactive source 60Co brachytherapy source is very important for the treatment of cancer patient. We have got the variation between RAKR from TPS and measured Air Kerma Rate of 60Co brachytherapy source are 3.2% and 3.04% and which give very good agreement with the Air Kerma Rate (RAKR) is 5% (from BEBIG protocol, Germany). So, our results were satisfied for brachytherapy treatment. From these results, it must be concluded that, 60Co brachytherapy source is suitable for brachytherapy cancer treatment. It is very difficult to calculate treatment deliver dose without calibrating AKR of HDR brachytherapy source. It is very important to verify the calculated Air Kerma Rate by TPS Air Kerma Rate.
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