Edge Detection and Depth to Magnetic Source Estimation in Part of Central Nigeria

Mam D. Tawey *

National Water Resources Institute, Mando Road, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Abbass A. Adetona

Geophysics Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

Usman D. Alhassan

Geophysics Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

Abdulwaheed A. Rafiu

Geophysics Department , Federal University of Technology , Minna, Nigeria.

Kazeem A. Salako

Geophysics Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

Emmanuel E. Udensi

Geophysics Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

High-resolution aeromagnetic data covering an area of 24, 200 km2 in north central Nigeria has been acquired and analyzed with the aim of carrying out trend analysis, edge detection (structural delineation) and depth to magnetic source estimation using reduce to the pole (RTP), horizontal gradient magnitude (HGM), center for exploration targeting plug-in (CET), 3D Euler deconvolution and source parameter imaging (SPI) techniques. Trend analysis was applied to the RTP data to delineate structures that have dissected the area. The 3D Euler deconvolution and HGM were correlated by plotting the estimated Euler solutions for a structural index of one (SI=1) on HGM map and the resulting map produced have shown that both methods can contribute in the interpretation of the general structural framework of the study area. The structural delineation based on HGM and CET maps showed that two predominant trends (ENE-WSW) and (WNW-ENE) have affected the area. The trend/depth/contacts of these faults were classified into four groups: Faults <150 m, 150 m - 300 m, 300m - 450 m which are the most predominant fault system based on Euler solutions with a structural index of one (SI=1) and those deeper than 450 m while the result of source parameter imaging (SPI) revealed a depth to source varying from 58 m specifically for areas with shallow depth to the magnetic source to those from deeper source occurring at 588.153m depth especially the south-central portion and the south-eastern portion of the study area.

Keywords: RTP, HGM, CET, deconvolution, SPI.


How to Cite

Tawey, Mam D., Abbass A. Adetona, Usman D. Alhassan, Abdulwaheed A. Rafiu, Kazeem A. Salako, and Emmanuel E. Udensi. 2020. “Edge Detection and Depth to Magnetic Source Estimation in Part of Central Nigeria”. Physical Science International Journal 24 (7):54-67. https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2020/v24i730203.

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