Errors Related to General Relativity, Repulsive Gravitation and the Question of Black Holes

C. Y. Lo *

Applied and Pure Research Institute, 15 Walnut Hill Rd., Amherst, NH 03031, USA.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Galileo and Newton considered gravity to be independent of temperature, while Einstein claimed that the weight of metal will increase as temperature increases. Further, Maxwell maintained that charge is unrelated to gravity. Experiments show, however, that the weight of a metal piece is reduced as its temperature increases. Thus, charge-initiated repulsive gravitation exists. In fact, repulsive gravity has been demonstrated by the use of a charged capacitor hovering over Earth. Further, it is expected that a piece of heated metal would fall more slowly than a feather in a vacuum. Einstein developed an invalid notion of gravitational mass, and failed to establish the unification of gravitation and electromagnetism since he overlooked repulsive gravitation. Moreover, photons are a combination of the gravitational wave and the electromagnetic wave. For electromagnetic energy    is invalid, and is in conflict with the Einstein equation. The non-linear Einstein equation has no bounded dynamic solution, Space-time singularity theorems are based on an invalid implicit assumption that all the couplings have a unique sign. Since gravity is no longer always attractive, the existence of black holes is questionable. The fact that Penrose was awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for the derivation of black holes is due to that the Nobel Prize Committee for Physics did not sufficiently understand the physics of general relativity. A distinct characteristic of Penrose's work, as usual, is that it is not verifiable.

Keywords: Current-mass interaction, charge-mass interaction, repulsive gravitation, E = mc2

How to Cite

Lo, C. Y. 2021. “Errors Related to General Relativity, Repulsive Gravitation and the Question of Black Holes”. Physical Science International Journal 25 (3):29-47.


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