Estimation of Atmospheric Turbidity Parameters in Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Issue: 2021 - Volume 25 [Issue 7]
Omodara E. Obisesan *
Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This study estimated the levels of atmospheric turbidity in Ile-Ife, a tropical location in the Southwest of Nigeria, from November, 2017 to March, 2019. This was with the aim to quantify the degree of atmospheric cleanliness of the study location. The methods of estimation used are: the Angstrom turbidity parameters (α and β), Linke turbidity factor (TL) and horizontal visibility (VH). The values of α and β range between 0.6 and 1.4; 0.10 and 0.91 respectively. The values obtained for TL varied between 1 and 7 while visibility values ranged between 2 and 14 km. Maximum values of β and TL (corresponding to low values of VH) were obtained in the dry season (particularly in the months of January and February) while the lowest values of the same methods of estimation (corresponding to high values of VH) were recorded in the wet season (specifically in August and September). The elevated turbidity observed in the dry season was linked to episodes of Harmattan dust storms usually experienced at the study location. The study concluded that a polluted atmosphere dominates the study location especially in the dry season as indicated by the different atmospheric turbidity parameters.
Keywords: Turbidity, harmattan, visibility, dry season, wet season