Characterization of Recycled Aggregates of Concrete and Bricks in the Central Region of Burkina Faso

Boukari Sawadogo *

Department of Civil Engineering, Distant Production House University, Kigali, Rwanda.

Bernard Gouba

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Technology and Management, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aggregates used in the construction of civil engineering works have an impact on the properties of concrete. For several years the central region is famous because of the effects of extraction of natural aggregates on the environment. We conducted laboratory tests on several recycled aggregates of concrete and bricks to determine their mechanical properties. This choice was guided by a concern to identify and analyze the characteristics of natural and recycled aggregates of concretes that impact the properties of concrete on the one hand  and to show the importance of increased use of recycled aggregates in concrete production to better preserve the environment and move towards sustainable development moreover. To better understand the qualities of these aggregates, it is necessary for us to carry out experimental tests in the laboratory.

The objective also guided the choice of the different types of recycled aggregates selected for the measurement of mechanical properties in the central region: Crushed Natural Gravel, Rolled Natural Gravel, Crushed Recycled Gravel, Recycled Spinning Gravel, Alluvionary Natural Sands, Recycled Brick Sands.

The results show that recycled aggregates of concrete and bricks in the central region can be used for high-quality concretes on the one hand and reduce the impact of artisanal extraction of non-recycled aggregates on the environment on the other hand.

In short, we retain that the characteristics of recycled aggregates are a function of the rate of mortar gangues glued to the mother aggregates.

Keywords: Recycled aggregates, strength, concrete, non-recycled aggregate

How to Cite

Sawadogo, Boukari, and Bernard Gouba. 2023. “Characterization of Recycled Aggregates of Concrete and Bricks in the Central Region of Burkina Faso”. Physical Science International Journal 27 (4):73-84.


Download data is not yet available.


Kunwufine Deodonne. Studies of the physico-chemical characteristics of recycled aggregate concretes and their environmental impact; 10 July 2015.

Nguyen Vu Nam) Recovery of fines and aggregates from recycled concrete as cementitious materials; May 4, 2016.

Sandrine Braymand, Sébastien Roux, Déodonne Kuwufine, Cristian Constantin Mihalcea, Françoise Feugeas, Christophe Fond. Recycled concrete aggregates: A material with high recovery potential in concrete; 21 Apr 2015.

Mechling JM, Eric Garcia-Diaz R, Lavaud, Romain Trauchessec, Bogdan Cazacliu Characterization of recycled concrete aggregates S. Rémond; 2 Sep 2020.

Bourmatte Nadjoua. Alternative recycled aggregates for hydraulic concrete; 12 March 2017.

KoukaAmed Jérémy Ouédraogo. Stabilization of sustainable and ecological building materials based on raw earth by organic and/or mineral binders with low environmental impacts; May 2020.

Toufik Boubekeur. Factors influencing the deterioration of concrete structures Weapon in the Biskra Region; May 2017.

Guilhem Mollon. Mechanics of Granular Materials; 2015.

Driss Samri. Physical analysis and hygrothermal characterization of building materials: Experimental approach and numerical modelling; 2008.

G. E. F. Dreux. Nouveau guide du béton et de ses constituents. EYROLLES; 2007.

KATTAB. R. Valorization of dune sand. PhD thesis, Algiers: ENP,. 12.Urs Wyss (January 2006), Eng. Civ. Dipl, Inventory of constructions made of suitable materials. Miscellaneous documents; EPFL, Ouagadougou; 2007;31.

Haouara S, Guettala A. Factors influencing the deterioration of reinforced concrete structures in the region DE BISKRA; June 2005.

Urs Wyss. Construction using "local materials" State of a sector with multiple potential; December 2005

Neville M. Properties of concrete, Eyrolles Coulibaly Sidiky Mohamed, adobeton and valorization of local materials; 2000.

Amadou TRA ORE. The problem of local building materials in housing development in Ouagadougou; 2010.

Komar. Materials and building elements, Mir Moscow Publishing; 1989.

Rémond JM, Mechling, EricGarcia-Diaz, Lavaud R, Romain Trauchessec, Bogdan Cazacliu Caractérisation des granulats de béton recyclés ; Sep 2020.

Benaichi El hadj. Durabilité des bétons à base du sable de démolition et ajouts minéraux actifs; 2018.

Mamery Serifou. Béton à base de recyclât: influence du type de recyclât et rôle de la formulation; 20 Mars 2014.

Ayodele Adessina. Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation multi-échelle des propriétés mécaniques et de durabilité des bétons à base de granulats recyclés ; 29 Mars 2019.

Hachemi Samya. Etude du Comportement du béton soumis à haute température : Influence du type de béton et de la nature des constituants; 2015.

Toumi Belkacem. Etude de l'influence des hautes temperatures sur le Comportement du Beton; 2018.

Mohamed Salhi, Mohamed Ghrici, Toufik Boubekeur, Amar Benyahia, Amer Ait Mohamed, Said Choucha. Effets des ciments composés sur les indicateurs de durabilité des bétons autoplaçant par temps chaud; Décembre 2019.