On u-d Quark Coulomb Origin of Nuclear Force

F. C. Hoh *

Dragarbrunnsg, 55C, 75320 Uppsala, Sweden.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The origin of nuclear force is assigned to Coulomb interactions between quarks, u and d, in neighboring nucleons, replacing the current unspecified “residual” strong interaction assignment. The deuteron binding energy is correctly estimated using quasi-classical models for nucleons based upon SSI, the scalar strong interaction hadron theory. The next lightest nuclei are analogously treated. The Coulomb binding energies depend upon the small, in principle observable, internucleon distances between such u and d quarks whose positions in their respective host nucleons however depend upon intranucleon strong u - d potential that span over larger “hidden” distances.

Keywords: Scalar strong interaction hadron theory SSI, nuclear binding energy, interquark Coulomb potential, quasi-classical nucleon model, nucleon “rod”

How to Cite

Hoh, F. C. 2024. “On U-D Quark Coulomb Origin of Nuclear Force”. Physical Science International Journal 28 (1):1-15. https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2024/v28i1816.


Download data is not yet available.


Burgess C, Moore G. The Standard Model, A Primer, Cambridge Univ. Press; 2007.

Wikipedia; 2023.

ATLAS, CMS Collaboration Phys Lett B716;1, 30; 2012.

Hoh FC. Int. J. Theoretical Physics. 1994;33:2325.

Hoh FC. Scalar strong interaction hadron theory, Nova Science Publishers, New York; 2011.

Available: http://www.scirp.org/journal/ns

Hoh FC. Scalar strong interaction hadron theory III, Nova Science Publishers, New York; 2022.

Spyrou A, Kohley Z, Baumann T, Bazin D, et al. Physical Review Letters. 2012;108 (10):102501.Bibcode:2012PhRvL.108j2501S.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.102501. PMID 22463404..

Corson EM. Introduction to Tensors, Spinor and Relativistic Wave Equations, Blackie and Sons, Ch. 2 ; 1953.

Lichtenberg DB, Namgung W, Predazzi E, Wills JG. Physical Review Letters 48(24):1653-1982.

Hoh FC. Int. Astronomy and Astrophysics Research;3(3):49-61 Article no. IAARJ. 80374 open access

Available:https://www.journaliaarj.com/index.php/IAARJ/article/view/48 2021.