Synergizing Geophysical Analysis and Geotechnical for Artificial Recharge Well and Aquifer Studies: A Comprehensive Review

M. V. Shah *

Department of Applied Mechanics, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad – 380015, Gujarat, India.

U. K. Patel

Department of Applied Mechanics, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad – 380015, Gujarat, India.

Elishkumar Patel

Department of Applied Mechanics, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad – 380015, Gujarat, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The harvesting of surface runoff stands as a pivotal process in artificially recharging groundwater, playing a crucial role in augmenting groundwater within aquifers. Groundwater recharge via recharge wells is one of the successful direct sub-surface methods. To pinpoint the most suitable locations for recharge wells, a combination of geophysical surveys, including Electrical Resistivity, Magnetic, and Electrologging surveys, was used. These geophysical surveys serve as essential tools for comprehending the sub-surface lithology and played a pivotal role in identifying distinct aquifers and determining their respective dimensions, thereby aiding in the precision of recharge well placement. Our objective is to review the various methods to assess the underground water storage capacity of the aquifer based on tests viz. Sieve Analysis, Soil Water Retention Capacity, and Lateral Permeability tests. These combination of theoretical and practical evaluations aim to determine the aquifer's potential for storing groundwater. Geophysical surveys are invaluable for deriving various relationships through diverse analyses. Moreover, exploring the correlation between geophysical methods, such as electrical resistivity, and shear strength parameters is essential for comprehending the strength characteristics of subsurface layers.

Keywords: Rainwater harvesting, artificial recharge well, ground exploration, geophysical method, grain size distribution, water retention capacity, permeability of soil


How to Cite

Shah, M. V., U. K. Patel, and Elishkumar Patel. 2024. “Synergizing Geophysical Analysis and Geotechnical for Artificial Recharge Well and Aquifer Studies: A Comprehensive Review”. Physical Science International Journal 28 (2):33-42. https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2024/v28i2824.

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