Physical Science International Journal 2020-11-29T14:28:35+00:00 Physical Science International Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Physical Science International Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2348-0130) </strong>publishes original research articles, review articles and short communications, in all areas of Physics, Chemistry and Earth Sciences. This is a quality controlled, peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Refutation of the Quantum Theory Principles: Theorem 2020-11-29T14:28:35+00:00 V. E. Shapiro <p><span class="fontstyle0">The theorem presented challenges the quantum mechanics and its relativistic theory generally&nbsp;posited as an ultimate unifying guideline of nature in fundamental and applied matters, refutes this&nbsp;theory, any bridges from it to the realm. We build the evidence on the rigorous statistical criteria<br>and arguments of compatibility at the interfaces not adduced previously against the theory. It calls&nbsp;in question the Born rule, particle-wave doublethink, probability sense of the quantum theory, any&nbsp;bridges from the theory to both Lagrangian and nonholonomic mechanics. The argumentation&nbsp;given to the matter of ambient noise impact at the interfaces by meaningful statistical methods&nbsp;paves the way towards the correct principles of causality, connectedness, robustness</span>&nbsp;.</p> 2020-11-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dynamics of the Optical Pulse in a Nonlinear Medium: Approach of Moment Method Coupled with the Fourth Order Runge-Kutta Method 2020-11-29T14:28:34+00:00 Fessomon Koki Gaston Edah Minadohona Maxime Capo- Chichi Gaetan Finagnon Djossou ´ Camille Elloh Marc Ayela <p><span class="fontstyle0">In this paper, we considered the nonlinear Schrodinger equation and applied the moment method ¨&nbsp;in order to investigate the evolution of pulse parameters in nonlinear medium. This mathematical&nbsp;model described the effects of cubic nonlinear and the nonlinear dispersion terms on the soliton.</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="fontstyle0">The application of the moment method leads to variational equations that is integrated numerically&nbsp;by the fourth order Runge-Kutta method. The results obtained shows the variations of some&nbsp;important parameters of the pulse namely the energy, the pulse position, the frequency shift, the&nbsp;chirp and the width. It reveals the effects of the nonlinear dispersion and nonlinear cubic terms&nbsp;on each parameter on the pulse. The moment method is appropriate to study the dynamics of the<br>optical pulse in a nonlinear medium modelled by the nonlinear Schrodinger equation.</span> </p> 2020-11-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Critical Study of Quantum Chromodynamics and the Regular Charge-Monopole Theory 2020-11-29T14:28:32+00:00 E. Comay <p><span class="fontstyle0">The compatibility of the strong interaction theory called Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) with&nbsp;relevant experimental data is critically examined. The clear advantage of the Regular ChargeMonopole Theory over QCD is explained. An analysis of new data provides further support&nbsp;for this claim. The paper points out several specific effects that illustrate this conclusion: the&nbsp;hard photon-nucleon interaction, the striking difference between the high energy electron-proton&nbsp;and proton-proton cross section, the peripheral location of the proton’s antiquark, the strong CP&nbsp;problem, the quite large amount of the </span><span class="fontstyle2">ss </span><span class="fontstyle3">¯ </span><span class="fontstyle0">pair in the proton, the excess of the proton’s </span><span class="fontstyle2">d</span><span class="fontstyle3">¯</span><span class="fontstyle0">antiquarks&nbsp;over its </span><span class="fontstyle2">u</span><span class="fontstyle3">¯ </span><span class="fontstyle0">antiquarks, and the spin-dependence of high energy polarized proton-proton scattering.&nbsp;These problematic issues are in accordance with M. Gell-Mann’s recently published qualms about&nbsp;the QCD merits.</span> </p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reinterpretation of Electric Field with Quantum Fluctuations: The Mechanism of Electrostatic Force of Attraction and Repulsion Between Two Point Charges 2020-11-29T14:28:31+00:00 C. G. Sim <p>Vacuum polarization rearranges virtual &nbsp;pairs. This causes the virtual &nbsp;pairs to rigidify in vacuum, reducing the quantum fluctuation energy. The quantum fluctuation energy is a fundamental force of vacuum, as evidenced by the Casimir effect. The change in quantum fluctuation energy was simulated in the superposition of the electric fields. The results show that the increase and decrease of the quantum fluctuation energy between the two point charges is related to the repulsive force and attraction in Coulomb's law.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reformulating Special Relativity on a Two-World Background II 2020-11-26T07:50:29+00:00 O. Akindele Adekugbe Joseph <p>The exposition of the two-world background of the special theory of relativity started in the first part of this paper is continued in this second part. The negative sign of mass in the negative universe is derived from the generalized mass expression in special relativity (SR) in the two-world picture. Four-dimensional inversion is shown to be a special Lorentz transformation in the two-world picture. Also by starting with the negativity of spacetime dimensions (that is, negativity of distances in space and of intervals of time) in the negative universe, derived in part one of this paper, and requiring the symmetry of natural laws between the positive and negative universes, the signs of mass and other physical parameters and physical constants in the negative universe are derived and tabulated. The invariance of natural laws, including the fundamental interactions, in the negative universe is demonstrated. The derived negative sign of mass in the negative universe is a conclusion of a century and a score years of efforts toward the incorporation of the concept of negative mass into physics. It is shown that the anti-particles observed in our universe originate from the negative universe, and conversely, but how a particle can make transition across the event horizon separating the universes without hitting singularity in the Lorentz transformation is as yet unexplained. Experimental test of the two-world picture depends on the possibility of exchange of particles between the two universes without hitting the singularity in LT at the point of making transition across the universes.</p> 2020-11-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##