Open Access Short Research Article

The Effects of Dark Energy on Gravitation

Emea Ajike Eziyi, Orji Obinwa, Nwasuka Stanley Chinwekele, Jonah Ndukwe ASO, Friday Chiedozie

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2020/v24i430184

Dark energy is thought to be very homogenous, not very dense and it is not known to interact through any of the fundamental forces other than gravity. In this research work, we use analytical method to find a model that may possibly relate dark energy to gravitation. After some plausible analyses, we obtain a relation,   Capture3.PNG

where µ is Gravitational potential energy,  is the mass of galaxy,  is mass of earth, Λ is dark energy,  is receding velocity,  is Hubble’s constant and Ro  is the distance measured from the point of observation and the galaxy. Moreover, we estimate K =  Capture_2.PNGfor various galaxies, finally, the relation µ ∝ Λ, indicates a direct relationship between Dark energy and Gravitation.

Open Access Short communication

Electron Trembling as a Result of Its Stationary Motion in an Extra Space along Helical Line of the Compton Radius with the Speed of Light (“Zitterbewegung’’ in Multidimensional Space)

Igor A. Urusovskii

Physical Science International Journal, Page 48-52
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2020/v24i430188

Because there is additional space in which the observed three-dimensional Universe expands, it is believed that elementary particles move at the speed of light in full space in a vicinity of a hyper-surface of three-dimensional sphere that is our Universe. Any interpretation of a spin and isotopic spin of electron requires at least three additional spatial dimensions. As applied to six-dimensional space, the simplest interpretation of the Heisenberg’s uncertainties relation, de Broglie waves, Klein-Gordon equation, electron proper magnetic moment, CPT-symmetry, spin, and isotopic spin is consistent with the results of the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Taking into account the movement of elementary particle (at the speed of light) along a helical line of Compton radius, when the axis of the helix is placed on that hyper-surface, we find a trajectory of the particle.

Open Access Original Research Article

Magnetic Modeling and Potential Hydrocarbon Trap Over Yola and Environs Upper Benue Trough Northeastern Nigeria

Musa Hayatudeen, Nsikak Edet Bassey, Bello Rasaq

Physical Science International Journal, Page 10-23
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2020/v24i430185

With a renewed interest to search for hydrocarbons in the hinter land of Nigeria’s inland basin climaxed after the discovery of a rewarding oil prospects around the Kolmani river II as recently announced by the National Oil Company, the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). This research was based on analyzing the high-resolution aeromagnetic data over the study area using the Oasis Montaj TM software, in order to get the total magnetic intensity map as well as the residual map, band pass filter map was used to generate magnetic aureoles. GM-SYS module of the Oasis montaj was used for the modeling exercise, the models reveal the horst and graben architecture of the basement with the grabens serving as depocentres, hydrocarbon potentials of the area were highlighted using magnetic aureoles mapping.

Open Access Original Research Article

Energy Spectrum for Gravitational Waves

W. F. Chagas- Filho

Physical Science International Journal, Page 24-31
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2020/v24i430186

Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) is a formalism for describing the quantum mechanics of the gravitational field based on the canonical quantization of General Relativity (GR). The most important result of LQG is that geometric quantities such as area and volume are not arbitrary but are quantized in terms of a minimum length. In this paper we investigate the possibility of combining the notion of a minimum length with the basic equations that describe wave propagation. We find that the minimum length, combined with the constancy of the speed of light, induces a natural spectrum for the energy of a gravitational wave.

Open Access Original Research Article

Tunneling-Induced Decay of Wave Packets Localized Beyond an Asymmetric Potential Barrier

Mikhail L. Strekalov

Physical Science International Journal, Page 32-47
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2020/v24i430187

The time behavior of a wave packet, transmitted through a potential barrier, is investigated for all times assuming it to be initially located outside the asymmetric barrier. The survival probability of the initial state, which characterizes the decay of the unstable quantum system in three time domains, is discussed. The presence of initial, exponential, and long-time regimes is a general feature of the decay process. We analytically found the three crucial points of time that separate these regimes. These characteristic times are set by simple formulae, including momentum distribution. It is then shown that the radius of convergence of the cumulant expansion for the survival probability is always small. A long-time behavior of survival probability is described by the asymptotic series whose coefficients decrease with increasing particle energy but at different rates. To be specific, we have examined the exactly solvable model of tunneling through a finite range triangular barrier.