Open Access Original Research Article

Bidirectional Controlled Teleportation of Two-qubit and Three-qubit State via Nine-qubit Entangled State

Jinwei Wang

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2022/v26i130302

In this paper, a bidirectional controlled quantum teleportation via a nine-qubit entangled state is given. In this scheme, Alice wants to teleport a two-qubit entangled state to Bob and Bob wants to teleport arbitrary three-qubit state to Alice at the same time. The quantum teleportation is supervised by a controller. We firstly product a nine-qubit entangled states by the states |000000000⟩, and then we use this entangled states as quantum channel to transfer quantum information along three nodes. This scheme is efficient and economical because the intrinsic efficiency reaches 5/19.

Open Access Original Research Article

Coherence Tests of Physical Theories

E. Comay

Physical Science International Journal, Page 11-19
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2022/v26i130303

Textbooks show that the low-velocity limit of special relativity is compatible with nonrelativistic mechanics. Analogous relationships hold between general relativity and the Newtonian theory of gravitation, and between quantum mechanics and classical physics. This work shows that this approach can be extended and yield coherence tests of additional theories. It provides a few examples that show the effectiveness of this approach and demonstrate inconsistent points of some mainstream physical ideas. Furthermore, other well-established physical principles can be utilized for this end. Unfortunately, a scientific work that undertakes this assignment can hardly be found in the current mainstream literature. Several cases are discussed in detail. The results show inconsistencies of fundamental standard model theories, such as quantum chromodynamics and the electroweak theory. Inconsistencies are also proved for the Majorana neutrino and the Proca theory of a massive photon.

Open Access Original Research Article

Entropic Information & Black Hole: Black Hole Information Entropy The Missing Link

Olivier Denis

Physical Science International Journal, Page 20-34
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2022/v26i130304

Understanding the ‘Area Law,’ in regards to the black hole entropy, based on an underlying fundamental theory has been one of the goals pursued by all models of quantum gravity. In black hole thermodynamics, black hole entropy is a measure of uncertainty or lack of information about the actual internal configuration of the system. The Bekenstein bound corresponds to the interpretation in terms of bits of information of a given physical system down to the quantum level. However, at present, it is not known which microstates are counted by the entropy of black holes. Here, i show that the new formulation of entropic information approach, based on the bit of information gives an explanation of information processes involved in calculating entropy on missing information from black holes as well as down to the quantum level. Moreover, this formulation of entropic information constitutes a new coherent global mathematical framework candidate to be the Grand Unification Theory; with information as the ultimate building block of universe.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mixed-mode Oscillations in Filippov System

Shaomin Chen, Jiahao Zhao, Qinsheng Bi

Physical Science International Journal, Page 35-42
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2022/v26i130305

The mechanism of the mixed mode oscillations of a class of non-smooth Filippov systems under multistable coexistence was studied in this paper. Based on a Lorenz-type chaotic model with multi-attractor coexistence, the Filippov system was established by introducing non-smooth terms as well as an external excitation. With multiple stable attractors in the discontinuous vector field, the parameter changes have led to complex transition patterns between the attractors and the non-smooth interface, or between the attractors. When an order gap exists between the exciting frequency and the natural frequency, implying the mixed-mode oscillations. Here we have taken several excitation amplitudes to cover different coexistence regions, a set of mixed mode oscillation patterns were obtained. Besides, the bifurcation set of two generalized autonomous subsystems and the coexistence region of attractors were discussed. Combined with the transformed phase diagram method, the bifurcation mechanism of bursting oscillation and the sliding dynamical behaviors of the system at the discontinuous interface has revealed with slow varying parameters access in different regions of multistable attractors coexistence. The alternations between quiescent and spiking states become more frequent and complex, leading to the change of the structure of the bursting oscillation modes. Moreover, the non-smooth partition interface of the system yields multiple non-smooth bifurcations, which will also affect the oscillation modes of the generalized autonomous system.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Aquifer Protective Capacity, Against the Surface Contamination. A Case Study of Kaduna Industrial Village, Nigeria

J. O. Alao, M. S. Ahmad, T. T. Danjumo, A. Ango, Emmanuel Jaiyeoba

Physical Science International Journal, Page 43-51
DOI: 10.9734/psij/2022/v26i130306

Geo-electric soundings was carried out in 22 different locations at Kaduna Refinery Petrochemical Corporation (KRPC) and White Oil and Gas Layout, Mahuta, Kaduna. The aquifer protective capacity and Hydraulic characteristics of the study area was computed from the Geoelectric parameters using Dar-Zarrouk and hydrological parameters. The interpreted data were presented in tabular form, Geoelectric/geology soil profiles and contoured maps. The results show that the study area aquifer is relatively protected with an average value of 0.5 mhos with an indication of infiltration of contaminant in some location. The hydraulic parameter values also show that the study area aquifer has the capacity to produce water non-stopping if the wells are sited based the geophysical investigation. The computed hydraulic characteristics and transmissivity of the area has an average value of 5.5 m/day and 6.1 /hour, which implies that, the study area has the capacity to transmit groundwater through a distance of 5.5 m in 24-hour and can covers 6.1  in one hour.