Open Access Opinion Article

A Possible Microscopic Model for Gravitational Interaction

S. Tüzemen

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/22112

Following the discovery of Higgs Bosons (H) with a mass of around 126 GeV/c2, it is hypothesized in this study that the gauge bosons, which are theoretically predicted to be gravitons in the mass interaction, may be produced by H, just as photons are produced in the case of electromagnetic (EM) interaction. Although the hypothesis is extremely difficult to prove experimentally in gravitation mechanism, from the parallel estimation of “quantum efficiencies” of virtual gravitons produced by virtual H annihilation in gravitation and virtual photons produced by virtual electron-positron annihilation in EM interaction, due to Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle (HUP), we evaluate that the relative ratio of photon to graviton intensities is in the order of 1036 which is in agreement with the relative strength between EM and gravitational interactions predicted in Quantum Field Theory (QFT).

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Current-voltage Characteristic of Bridgeman-Stockbarger InGaSe2 Thin Films

E. M. Gojaev, P. F. Alieva, N. S. Nabiev, R. S. Rahimov

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/19833

The monocrystals InGaSe2  were grown by Bridgeman-Stockbarger method. The current-voltage characteristic was studied in the rectangular form samples of sizes 7x1x1 mm3. In and Cu served as contacts. The current supplying the ends of rectangular samples is oriented so that the current flows through the sample along the axis of the monocrystal InGaSe2. The current-voltage characteristic was investigated on direct current in static mode. Investigations of luminescence properties of the compound InGaSe2 were carried out by means of spectrofluormeter Cary Eslipse, the production of the firm Varian. Statistical current-voltage characteristic of InGaSe2 at different temperatures, temperature change of samples in the domain of negative incremental resistance, dependence of threshold voltage on temperature were studied. It was revealed that the given phase possesses switching properties, with memory and with decreasing the temperature, the value of the threshold voltage  increases, and as a result, the S-shaped  characteristic becomes strongly-pronounced. Change of the threshold voltage due to temperature change was analyzed. The spectrum of fluorescence of the compound InGaSe2 in the interval of wavelength 300-600 nm was studied, and it was revealed that given material is widely used in multifunctional electronic devices.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Fine-Structure Constant as the Physical- Mathematical MILLENNIUM PROBLEM

Alexey Stakhov, Samuil Aranson

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-36
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/21966

This article solves the problem of variation of fundamental physical-mathematical constant (the fine-structure constant) in dependence of the age of the Universe. This problem has been named by as one of the MILLENNIUM PROBLEMS. The mathematical model of the evolution of the Universe (starting since the “Bing Bang”) called Fibonacci special theory of relativity, underlies this study.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

On Multiple Zagreb Indices of a Family of Hexagonal Nanotubes

Mohammad Reza Farahani, M. R. Rajesh Kanna

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/21420

The First and Second Zagreb indices were first introduced by I. Gutman and N. Trinajstić in 1972. It is reported that these indices are useful in the study of anti-inflammatory activities of certain chemical instances, and in elsewhere. Recently, the First and Second Multiple Zagreb indices of a graph G, were introduced by M. Ghorbani and his co-authors in 2012. In this paper, we computed these new multiple Zagreb topological indices of a family of Hexagonal Nanotubes namely: Armchair Polyhex Nanotubes.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Enhanced (G'/G) -Expansion Method and Its Application to the Drinfel’d-Sokolov - Wilson Equation

Mahmoud A. M. Abdelaziz, Ibrahim M. E. Abdelstar

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-22
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/21742

An enhanced of the (G'/G) -expansion method combined with Liu's theorem is proposed to construct new exact solutions of the nonlinear (1+1)-dimensional Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation (DSW). As a result, more and new general exact solutions are obtained including hyperbolic function solutions, trigonometric function solutions and rational function solutions. New complex type solutions to the nonlinear (1+1) dimensional (DSW) equation are obtained with Liu's theorem.

Open Access Original Research Article

Extending the Classic Conclusions in Lorentz Transformation to the Relativity with Super Space Time

J. S. Huang, Q. Zou, J. M. Huang

Physical Science International Journal, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/PSIJ/2016/21549

Albert Einstein found that, for two particles coming from the same source, when the state of one changes, that of the other may change at the same time, no matter how far they are apart from each other. This superluminal quantum entanglement phenomenon totally violates both the special and general theories of relativity where nothing speed exceeds the light speed. We believe that the entanglement is caused by the twist of the inhomogeneous space in different direction, and thus this speed is the same as the space vibration speed, which is way faster than the light, and we call this angle of view as the relativity with super natural space time coordinate, where time is derived from the space, and space is in turn derived from the mass. Based on the latest observations made by astronomer, there is an evidence suggesting that our universe, in large scale, is indeed a flat body, which agrees with above inhomogeneous hypothesis. One of the mathematical frameworks of relativity is related to Lorentz transformation, in this paper, we extend it for such relativity.