Detection of Bright Band Heights from Vertical Profile of Radar Reflectivity in Akure, South Western Nigeria
Issue: 2023 - Volume 27 [Issue 2]
Y. B. Lawal *
Department of Physics, University of Africa, Toru-Orua, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
E. T. Omotoso
Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Bright band is an important phenomenon that occurs in radar observations of precipitation. It is a layer of intense reflectivity caused by the melting of the snowflakes in the atmosphere. Accurate detection of bright band and its associated properties are essential for the estimation of precipitation rates and characterization of precipitation types as required in Agriculture, Aviation, Navigation, Telecommunication sectors etc. Bright Band Height (BBH) is a vital parameter in the determination of rain height, rain-induced radio signal attenuation and mitigation techniques. This paper presents an empirical study on the measurement of BBH and Zero Degree Isotherm Height (ZDIH) from Micro Rain Radar (MRR) data obtained in Akure, Nigeria. Vertical profile of radar obtained during stratiform rainy events were examined to detect bright bands and its features. Analysis of the result showed that the ZDIH varies between 4.48 and 4.60 km while the BBH also vary from 4.16 to 4.48 km during intense rainy events in September and October 2010. The derived propagation data would be needed for the optimization and improvement of quality of service (QoS) offered by earth-space links during rainy events in Akure and its environs.
Keywords: Bright band, precipitation rates, rain height, rain-induced attenuation, BBH, ZDIH
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