A Comparative Analysis of Radioactive Material Concentrations in Natural Sources Linked to Mining in Niger using two Measurement Methods

Yacouba Souley Abdoullaziz *

Laboratoire Climat, Environnement, Matière et Rayonnement, Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niger.

Aboubacar Almoustapha

Laboratoire Climat, Environnement, Matière et Rayonnement, Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niger.

Mohamed H. Hassan

Alexandria University of Egypt, Egypt.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

In the present work, we report the results of radioactivity measurements carried out in soils from the COMINAK and SOMAIR mining areas, using normal mode gamma-ray spectroscopy (NMGS) and thermal neutron activation analysis (TNAA). Radio activities were determined for two series radionuclides (U-238 and Th-232) and one non-series radionuclide (K-40) from measured gamma-ray spectra. The activity concentrations of U-238 and Th-232 were respectively determined from the average nuclide concentration [Pb-214 (295.2keV ; 19.20%), Pb-214(351.9keV ; 37.10%), Bi-214 (609.3keV ; 46.90%), Bi-214 (1120.2keV; 15.04%) and Bi-214 (1764.49 keV; 15.90%)] and [Pb-212 (238.6keV; 43.6%), Pb-212 (300.09 keV; 3.18%), and Ac-228 (911.2keV; 25.8%), Ac-228 (968.9keV; 15.8%), Ac-228 (338.32 keV; 11.27%)]. The activity concentrations of K-40 are determined directly by measuring gamma-ray transitions at 1460.8keV (100%) using a high-resolution pure germanium detector with good efficiency from the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority. We find that the result found in NMGS technique and TNAA technique for COMINAK soil sample for U-238 and Th-232 are 2.32mg/Kg, 2.36mg/Kg and 11.67mg/Kg, 11.72mg/Kg respectively the results are getting closer. In SOMAIR soil sample the result found for U-238 is getting closer 1.35mg/Kg and 1.34mg/Kg respectively for NMGS and TNAA and also for Th-232 the result is close 7.2mg/Kg and 7.87mg/Kg respectively for NMGS and TNAA. The results obtained confirm that one of the samples (COMINAK soil) is more radioactive than the SOMAIR soil samples, and the results are similar for both NMGS and TNAA techniques, with the exception of thorium in the SOMAIR soil sample. This study will help to assess the environmental impact around the mining areas.

Keywords: NORM, gamma-ray spectrometry, neutron activation, uranium mines


How to Cite

Abdoullaziz, Yacouba Souley, Aboubacar Almoustapha, and Mohamed H. Hassan. 2024. “A Comparative Analysis of Radioactive Material Concentrations in Natural Sources Linked to Mining in Niger Using Two Measurement Methods”. Physical Science International Journal 28 (4):42-51. https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2024/v28i4835.

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